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Definition, characteristics, and educational implications for all individuals entitled to Transition Services.
The completion of high school is the beginning of adult life. Entitlement to public education ends, and young people and their families are faced with many options and decisions about the future. The most common choices for the future are pursuing vocational training or further academic education, getting a job, and living independently.
For students with disabilities, these choices may be more complex and may require a great deal of planning. Planning the transition from school to adult life begins, at the latest, during high school. In fact, transition planning is required, by law, to start once a student reaches 14 years of age, or younger, if appropriate. This transition planning becomes formalized as part of the student's Individualized Education Program (IEP).
Transition services are provided for students with disabilities to help make the transition from the world of school to the world of adulthood. The population that is eligible under IDEA to receive such services includes students classified as disabled under 13 separate categories. This section will focus on those 13 categories and provide the reader with an overview of each specific disability. After reading this section you should be familiar with the definitions of the following areas:
- Deaf Blindness
- Developmental Delay
- Emotional Disturbance
- Hearing Impaired
- Learning Disabilities
- Mental Retardation
- Multiple Disabilities
- Orthopedic Impairments
- Other Health Impairments
- Speech and Language Impaired
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Visual Impairment
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