The purpose of this article is to review relevant background literature and research regarding the evidence linking high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), mercury, and the increased incidence of autism among the population in the United States. Results of review suggest that rigorous scientific studies need to be performed to conclusively identify the link between autism and HFCS containing mercury. In addition, if factories continue to use mercury to process HFCS, a warning label identifying mercury in foods containing HFCS is absolutely necessary. In terms of practice implications, parents are often in the position of deciding which foods their children will consume in their daily lives. Families need to be informed to the current and credible evidence to make healthy decisions for their children and themselves. Excellent high fructose corn syrup information as well as, mercury resources are available online.
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